Single vs. Rubutun Injini Biyu - Menene Bambancin

A fagen injunan masana'antu, tabbatar da amincin kayan aikin jujjuya da famfunan bututu yana da mahimmanci.Hatimin injina suna aiki azaman mahimman abubuwan haɗin gwiwa don kiyaye wannan mutunci ta hanyar hana yaɗuwa da ɗaukar ruwa.A cikin wannan filin na musamman, saiti biyu na farko sun kasance: guda dabiyu inji like.Kowane nau'i yana ba da fa'idodi daban-daban kuma yana biyan takamaiman buƙatun aiki.Wannan labarin yana zurfafa cikin abubuwan da ke tsakanin waɗannan hanyoyin rufewa guda biyu, suna bayyana ayyukansu, aikace-aikace, da fa'idodi.

MeneneHatimin Injini Guda Daya?
Hatimin injin guda ɗaya ya ƙunshi sassa biyu na farko-mai juyawa da kumaa tsaye hatimin fuskoki.An haɗa fuskar hatimi mai jujjuya zuwa madaidaicin jujjuya yayin da aka daidaita fuskar tsaye akan gidan famfo.Waɗannan fuskoki biyu ana tura su tare ta hanyar hanyar bazara da ke ba su damar ƙirƙirar madaidaicin hatimi wanda ke hana ruwa zubowa tare da ramin.

Maɓallin kayan da aka yi amfani da su don waɗannan filayen rufewa sun bambanta, tare da zaɓi na gama gari shine silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, yumbu, ko carbon, galibi ana zaɓa bisa la'akari da yanayin ruwan tsari da yanayin aiki kamar zafin jiki, matsa lamba, da daidaituwar sinadarai.Bugu da ƙari, fim ɗin mai mai na ruwan famfo yawanci yana zama tsakanin fuskokin hatimi don rage lalacewa da tsagewa - muhimmin al'amari na kiyaye tsawon rai.

Ana amfani da hatimin inji guda ɗaya gabaɗaya a cikin aikace-aikace inda haɗarin yayyo ba ya haifar da haɗarin aminci ko damuwa na muhalli.Tsarin su mafi sauƙi yana ba da damar sauƙi na shigarwa da ƙananan farashi na farko idan aka kwatanta da mafi rikitarwa hanyoyin rufewa.Tsayawa waɗannan hatiman sun haɗa da dubawa akai-akai da sauyawa a cikin ƙayyadaddun tazara don hana lalacewa sakamakon lalacewa na yau da kullun.

A cikin wuraren da ba a buƙata akan hanyoyin rufewa-inda ruwa mai haɗari ko haɗari ba ya kasancewa - hatimin injin guda ɗaya yana ba da ingantaccen aiki.warware matsalarba da gudummawa ga tsawaita rayuwar kayan aiki tare da kiyaye ayyukan kulawa kai tsaye.

Siffar Siffar
Abubuwan Farko Mai jujjuya fuskar hatimi (a kan shaft), Fuskar hatimin tsaye (akan gidan famfo)
Materials Silicon carbide, Tungsten carbide, yumbu, Carbon
Mechanism Spring- lodin fuska tare da turawa tare
Rufe Fim ɗin Ruwan Matsala tsakanin fuskoki
Aikace-aikace na gama gari Ƙananan magudanun ruwa/tsari inda haɗarin yayyo ya yi kadan
Abũbuwan amfãni Mai sauƙi zane;Sauƙin shigarwa;Ƙananan farashi
Bukatun Kulawa Dubawa akai-akai;Sauyawa a lokacin saita lokaci
Hatimin injin ruwa guda ɗaya e1705135534757
Menene Hatimin Injini Biyu?
Hatimin inji mai ninki biyu ya ƙunshi hatimai guda biyu da aka tsara a jeri, ana kuma kiransa da hatimin harsashi biyu.Wannan ƙirar tana ba da ingantaccen ƙunshewar ruwan da ake rufewa.Ana amfani da hatimi sau biyu a aikace-aikace inda ɗigon samfur zai iya zama haɗari ga muhalli ko amincin ma'aikata, inda ruwan aikin ke da tsada kuma yana buƙatar adanawa, ko kuma inda ruwan ke da wahalar ɗauka kuma yana iya yin crystallize ko ƙarfafa kan hulɗa da yanayin yanayi. .

Waɗannan hatimin injina yawanci suna da hatimin ciki da na waje.Hatimin cikin ciki yana adana samfurin a cikin mahallin famfo yayin da hatimin waje ke tsaye azaman shingen ajiya don ƙarin aminci da aminci.Hatimi sau biyu sau da yawa suna buƙatar ruwa mai ɓoyewa a tsakanin su, wanda ke aiki azaman mai mai da kuma mai sanyaya don rage zafi mai zafi - ƙara tsawon rayuwar hatimin biyu.

Ruwan buffer na iya samun jeri biyu: mara matsi (wanda aka sani da ruwan shamaki) ko matsi.A cikin tsarin matsa lamba, idan hatimin ciki ya gaza, bai kamata a sami ɗigowa nan da nan ba tunda hatimin waje zai ci gaba da riƙewa har sai an iya tabbatarwa.Kulawa na lokaci-lokaci na wannan ruwan shamaki yana taimakawa hasashen aikin hatimi da tsawon rai.

Siffar Siffar
Rikici Babban abin rufewa
Zane Hatimi Biyu da aka shirya a jere
Amfani da mahalli masu haɗari;kiyaye ruwa mai tsada;sarrafa ruwa mai wahala
Fa'idodi Ingantaccen aminci;raguwar damar zubewa;mai yiwuwa ya tsawaita tsawon rayuwa
Buffer Fluid Buffer Za a iya rashin matsi (ruwa mai shinge) ko matsi
Tsaro Yana ba da lokaci don aikin kulawa kafin yayyo ya auku bayan gazawar
biyu inji hatimi 500×500 1
Nau'ikan Hatimin Injini Biyu
na'urorin hatimi biyu an ƙera su don sarrafa ƙarin ƙalubalen rufewa fiye da hatimin injin guda ɗaya.Waɗannan saitunan sun haɗa da baya-da-baya, fuska-da-fuska da shirye-shiryen tandem, kowanne tare da saitin sa da kuma aiki.

1.Back to Back Double Mechanical Seal
Hatimin injina na baya zuwa baya biyu ya ƙunshi hatimai guda biyu waɗanda aka shirya cikin tsarin baya-da-baya.An ƙera wannan nau'in hatimin don takamaiman aikace-aikace inda ake amfani da tsarin ruwan shamaki tsakanin hatimin don samar da mai da cire duk wani zafi da aka haifar saboda gogayya.

A cikin tsari na baya zuwa baya, hatimin cikin ciki yana aiki a ƙarƙashin yanayin matsi iri ɗaya kamar yadda ake hatimi samfurin, yayin da wata majiya ta waje ke ba da hatimin waje tare da ruwan shamaki a matsi mafi girma.Wannan yana tabbatar da cewa koyaushe akwai matsi mai kyau a kan fuskokin hatimi;don haka, hana magudanar ruwa kwarara zuwa cikin muhalli.

Yin amfani da ƙirar hatimi na baya da baya na iya amfanar tsarin inda matsalolin da ke da damuwa ko lokacin da ake ci gaba da yin fim na lubrication yana da mahimmanci don guje wa bushewar yanayin gudu.Suna dacewa musamman a cikin aikace-aikacen matsa lamba mai ƙarfi, tabbatar da aminci da tsayin daka na tsarin rufewa.Saboda ƙaƙƙarfan ƙira ɗin su, suna kuma ba da ƙarin tsaro ga jujjuyawar tsarin da ba zato ba tsammani wanda zai iya lalata amincin hatimin injin guda ɗaya.

Tsarin hatimin hatimin fuska biyu, wanda kuma aka sani da hatimin tandem, an ƙera shi tare da sanya hatimin hatimi biyu masu gaba da juna ta yadda hatimin ciki da na waje su yi hulɗa da juna ta fuskoki daban-daban.Wannan nau'in tsarin hatimi yana da fa'ida musamman yayin gudanar da aikace-aikacen matsakaitan matsakaita inda ake buƙatar sarrafa ruwan da ke tsakanin hatimin kuma zai iya zama mai haɗari idan ya zubo.

Ɗaya daga cikin mahimman fa'idodin amfani da fuska zuwa fuska da hatimin inji mai ninki biyu shine ikonsa na hana ruwa gudu daga zubewa cikin muhalli.Ta hanyar ƙirƙira shinge tare da shinge ko ruwan shamaki tsakanin hatimai masu fuska biyu a ƙarƙashin ƙananan matsi fiye da ruwan tsari, duk wani ɗigowa yana ƙoƙarin matsawa zuwa wannan yanki kuma nesa da sakin waje.

Tsarin yana ba da damar saka idanu akan yanayin ruwan shamaki, wanda ke da mahimmanci don dalilai na kulawa kuma yana tabbatar da dogaro akan lokaci.Tunda yuwuwar hanyoyin ɗigogi suna zuwa ko dai waje (bangaren yanayi) ko a ciki (bangaren tsari), dangane da bambance-bambancen matsa lamba, masu aiki na iya gano yoyo cikin sauri fiye da sauran saitunan hatimi.

Wani fa'ida kuma yana da alaƙa da suturar rayuwa;ire-iren waɗannan nau'ikan hatimi galibi suna nuna tsawaita rayuwa saboda duk wani barbashi da ke cikin ruwa na tsari yana da ƙarancin tasiri akan wuraren rufewa saboda matsayin danginsu kuma saboda suna aiki ƙarƙashin ƙarancin yanayi mai ƙarfi godiya ga kasancewar ruwan buffer.

3.Tandem Biyu Mechanical Seals
Tandem, ko fuska-da-baya hatimin inji mai ninki biyu, suna daidaita saitunan rufewa inda aka shirya hatimin inji guda biyu a jere.Wannan tsarin yana ba da ingantaccen matakin dogaro da ɗaukar nauyi idan aka kwatanta da hatimi ɗaya.Hatimin farko yana kusa da samfurin da ake hatimi, yana aiki a matsayin babban shingen hana zubewa.Ana sanya hatimin na biyu a bayan hatimin farko kuma yana aiki azaman ƙarin kariya.

Kowane hatimi a cikin tsarin tandem yana aiki da kansa;wannan yana tabbatar da cewa idan akwai wata gazawar hatimin farko, hatimin na biyu ya ƙunshi ruwan.Hatimin tandem sau da yawa yana haɗa ruwan buffer a ƙaramin matsi fiye da ruwan tsari a tsakanin hatimin biyu.Wannan ruwan buffer yana aiki duka azaman mai mai da mai sanyaya, yana rage zafi da lalacewa akan fuskokin hatimi.

Don kiyaye ingantaccen aikin tandem biyu hatimin inji, yana da mahimmanci a sami tsarin tallafi masu dacewa don sarrafa yanayin da ke kewaye da su.Madogarar waje tana daidaita zafin jiki da matsa lamba na ruwan buffer, yayin da tsarin sa ido yana bin aikin hatimin don tunkarar kowace matsala.

Tsarin tandem yana haɓaka amincin aiki ta hanyar samar da ƙarin sakewa da rage haɗari masu alaƙa da ruwa mai haɗari ko mai guba.Ta hanyar samun amintaccen madadin idan akwai gazawar hatimin farko, hatimin injina biyu suna aiki yadda ya kamata a aikace-aikace masu buƙata, yana tabbatar da ƙarancin zubewa da bin ƙaƙƙarfan ƙa'idodin muhalli.

Bambancin Tsakanin Hatimin Injini Guda da Biyu
Bambanci tsakanin hatimin injin guda ɗaya da biyu shine muhimmin la'akari a cikin zaɓin zaɓi don aikace-aikacen masana'antu daban-daban.Rubutun injin guda ɗaya ya ƙunshi filaye guda biyu masu lebur suna zamewa da juna, ɗayan an daidaita shi zuwa kayan kwalliyar kayan aiki kuma ɗayan a haɗe zuwa shingen juyawa, tare da fim ɗin ruwa yana samar da lubrication.Ana amfani da waɗannan nau'ikan hatimin yawanci a aikace-aikace inda babu ƙarancin damuwa game da ɗigowa ko kuma inda za'a iya sarrafa matsakaicin adadin ɗigon ruwa.

Sabanin haka, hatimin inji guda biyu sun ƙunshi nau'i-nau'i na hatimi guda biyu waɗanda ke aiki tare, suna ba da ƙarin matakin kariya daga leaks.Ƙirar ta haɗa da hatimin ciki da na waje: hatimin ciki yana riƙe samfurin a cikin famfo ko mahaɗa yayin da hatimin waje ke hana gurɓatawar waje shiga kuma ya ƙunshi duk wani ruwa da zai iya tserewa daga hatimin farko.Ana fifita hatimin inji sau biyu a cikin yanayi masu haɗari, mai guba, matsa lamba, ko kafofin watsa labarai mara kyau saboda suna ba da ingantaccen aminci da aminci ta hanyar rage haɗarin gurɓata muhalli da fallasa.

Wani muhimmin al'amari da ya kamata a lura da shi shine hatimin inji sau biyu yana buƙatar ƙarin tsarin tallafi na taimako, gami da tsarin buffer ko shingen ruwa.Wannan saitin yana taimakawa kula da bambance-bambancen matsa lamba a cikin sassa daban-daban na hatimi kuma yana ba da sanyaya ko dumama kamar yadda ya cancanta dangane da yanayin tsari.

A karshe
A ƙarshe, yanke shawara tsakanin hatimin injin guda ɗaya da biyu yana da mahimmanci wanda ya rataya akan abubuwa da yawa waɗanda suka haɗa da yanayin ruwan da ake rufewa, la'akari da muhalli, da buƙatun kiyayewa.Hatimi guda ɗaya yawanci suna da tsada kuma mafi sauƙi don kiyayewa, yayin da hatimai biyu suna ba da ingantacciyar kariya ga duka ma'aikata da muhalli yayin ɗaukar kafofin watsa labarai masu haɗari ko m.


Lokacin aikawa: Janairu-18-2024